All of us expect to be treated with dignity and respect at our place of employment and state and federal laws protect us from discriminatory action by our employers. Employment laws prohibit discrimination on the basis of race, color, sex, national origin, age, disability, and genetic information.
Furthermore, employees may not be retaliated against for making good faith claims against these forms of discrimination or refusing to participate in activities that promote them. Unfortunately, some employees face retaliation for standing up for their legal rights and opposing workplace discrimination.
If you believe you were retaliated against for standing up for your rights, you will need to prove that you took part in a protected activity, suffered a negative action, and there was causation between the two. Speaking to a qualified Chicago employment attorney from the onset of your case can help give you the best chance
Engaging in protected activities
Standing up to discrimination is a protected activity under federal law. Employees may do this by either communicating the opposition to their employer or filing a claim with a state or federal employment agency. Your communication should make clear that you feel the employer’s actions or requests are discriminatory.
To prove you engaged in a protected activity, you will want to save any communications between you and your employer about the event. Many times, employers may assert the employee took part in an activity not covered by state or federal law but having this communication can demonstrate the contrary.
If you received a negative performance review, write up, or other written disciplinary action around the time of your protected activity, you will need to save this documentation. While this documentation may not specifically say you were reprimanded for making a complaint, you may be able to show a link between the two.
Save any other communications like emails, memos, or electronic communications you believe show your employer. Take notes to document daily engagements you believe may show a pattern of retaliatory behavior so your attorney can help investigate these claims. The notes should include all relevant “who, what, where and when” information, and possible witnesses.
Chicago employment attorneys
If you believe you were retaliated against by your employer for opposing or standing up to discrimination in your workplace, contact the experienced employment law attorneys of Goldman & Ehrlich for a consultation about your case. For over 25 years, our dedicated attorneys have helped employees in their times of need and hold wrongdoers accountable.
Six former temp workers for the Chicago office of a nationwide staffing agency recently filed an employment discrimination lawsuit alleging the defendant routinely passed over African American workers in favor of Hispanic workers. The suit, filed in a Chicago federal District Court, alleges many of the same labor law violations as another recent suit against another large staffing agency in Illinois.
In their claim, the plaintiffs make several shocking allegations about the defendant’s business practices, going as far as to assign code words to black and Latino workers to signal the kinds of laborers the companies wanted. The suit named several other area businesses as defendants for their role in the alleged discrimination as it was at these parties’ behest the behavior became part of the staffing agency’s practice.
According to the lawsuit, the staffing company would go into Latino neighborhoods to find prospective workers and bus them to job sites but did nothing similar in African American neighborhoods. The plaintiffs claim this practice is a prime example of the overt racism some companies demonstrate to discriminate against workers of color.
Thousands could join racial discrimination lawsuit
While the suit is still in its early stages, the plaintiffs hope the court certifies the claim as a class action so that similarly affected workers could also recover for their damages. If so, potentially thousands of African American workers employed by the staffing agency could join the claim and recover for their damages.
The suit seeks back pay for jobs lost, attorneys’ fees to cover the cost of litigation, and other damages the court may seem fit to award. Additionally, the plaintiffs hope the federal court imposes an injunction on the defendant to terminate the company’s discriminatory business practices so that all workers get a fair shake moving forward.
Under state and federal labor laws, employers cannot discriminate against anyone on the basis of their race, religion, or country of origin. Violators can be subject to civil penalties, including paying restitution to affected workers.
Chicago employment discrimination lawyers
If you believe you were passed over for a job, promotion, or otherwise subjected to racial discrimination at your place of employment, contact our office to discuss your case. Our dedicated team of Chicago employment discrimination lawyers have years of experience bringing claims under state and federal employment laws and can help you get justice.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) recently announced Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. settled an employment discrimination case with a former store clerk for $75,000 over allegations the company failed to accommodate a protected class. The plaintiff, a worker in the Hodgkins, Illinois store, battled cancer and needed simple, modest accommodations to allow her to perform her job but the defendant subsequently rescinded compliance.
To perform her job effectively, the plaintiff merely needed a stool at her work station and to work on a modified schedule to cope with her health condition. Wal-Mart made the accommodations for a while but the situation eventually became quite difficult for the plaintiff when the defendant removed the chair, telling the employee she needed to haul a chair from the store’s furniture department herself at the start and end of each shift.
While lugging a chair across the sales floor may seem like a minor and clumsy inconvenience, the act took its toll on the plaintiff due to her weakened state from surviving her fight with cancer, an accomplishment which should be celebrated and not punished. Furthermore, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) requires employers to make reasonable accommodations for their employees, something Wal-Mart demonstrated it could easily do but eventually backtracked.
Even worse, the plaintiff claimed her coworkers subjected her to relentless name calling, using words like “cripple” and “chemo brain.” To curb future bad acts by the employees Wal-Mart employs and supervises at the Hodgkins location, the federal judge overseeing the case imposed an injunction requiring two years of employee retraining and oversight.
Often times, employees are not properly educated by their employers about federal discrimination laws and innocent victims pay the price for the employer’s inability to properly train and supervise other workers.
Chicago employment discrimination lawyers
If you believe you were discriminated against at work, contact our office to speak to one of our dedicated Chicago employment discrimination lawyers about your case. Our office has years of experience ensuring workers are protected under state and federal labor laws and can determine if you have grounds to file a suit.
If you or a family member should ever be struck by a serious illness or medical condition, the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) gives you certain rights to take time off from work. Employees must meet certain conditions to be granted this type of leave, but if they do meet these conditions, they are eligible to return to work at an equivalent position with the same benefits.
While most employers adhere to the provisions of the FMLA, disputes often arise that put hard working employees against an employer they rely on for the job that allows them to provide for their family. When this happens, the employee may file FMLA lawsuits and recover various forms of compensation.
What is the FMLA?
Any employee with a serious health condition requiring in-patient treatment or ongoing treatment by a physician is eligible to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave from work. The key is that the condition must be serious, such as an illness, injury, mental condition, or even the birth or adoption of a child.
Employees may take all 12 weeks of leave at once or use them in parts to resolve their health issues. Workers are also eligible to work a reduced schedule, in certain circumstances.
Qualifications for FMLA
There are certain conditions employees must meet to qualify for leave under the FMLA. The individual must have worked for their employer for at least one year, encompassing 1,250 work hours (approximately an average of 24 hours per week).
Furthermore, the business must have at least 50 employees working within a 75-mile radius of the company’s location. State and federal agencies must provide leave under the FMLA no matter the size of the business.
What can I recover if my employer violates the FMLA?
Employees discriminated against under the FMLA are able to file civil suits to recover various forms of compensation. These FMLA lawsuits must be filed within two years of the alleged incident or the employee may lose legal standing to recover damages.
FMLA lawsuits can recover damages for:
Back wages plus interest
Reimbursement for medical care of family member
Liquidated damages if the employer acted in bad faith
Chicago FMLA lawyers
If you feel your rights were violated under the FMLA, contact or call 312.332.6733 our office for a consultation about your case. Our Chicago FMLA lawyers can investigate the circumstances of your case and determine your best course of legal action.
The Illinois Human Rights Act affords all state residents certain rights and protections from discrimination. Included in the act are provisions against employment discrimination for various protected classes. Employees who feel they have suffered discrimination may file claims with the Illinois Department of Human Rights to investigate claims and hold wrongdoers accountable.
The list of protected classes under the Illinois Human Rights Act include:
Sex (including sexual harassment);
Order of protection status;
Sexual orientation (which includes gender-related identity);
Physical and mental disability.
Discrimination charge process
Employees considering filing discrimination charges against their employers should understand there are important time deadlines that must be met or their claim may go unresolved. The time deadline forfiling employment discrimination charges with the Illinois Department of Human Rights is 180 days from the alleged incident.
The discrimination charge process is as follows:
Intake – the employee files his or her complaint with the Department of Human Resources, either in person or in writing.
Mediation – An optional step to the process is mediation, but one that may allow for parties to bring the complaint to a more expedient resolution; otherwise an investigation of the charge takes place.
Investigation – The case is assigned to an investigator who interviews both parties to uncover more details about the case. The investigator may recommend a settlement at some point to help resolve the case
Findings and results – Once the investigation is completed, the investigator prepares a written report recommending whether or not there is “substantial evidence” of a violation of the act. Should substantial evidence exist, the employee may take his or her complaint before an administrative law judge at theIllinois Human Rights Commission
Legal review – A public hearing is scheduled before an administrative law judge. Employees are legally required to have an attorney at this stage of the complaint
Do discrimination claims take long to resolve?
The Illinois Human Rights Act requires the Department of Human Rights conclude its proceedings within one year of the complaint being filed unless the investigation is extended in writing by both parties. While a year may seem like a long time to resolve a case, the law affords due process to both sides involved in an Illinois employment discrimination claim.
Illinois employment discrimination attorneys
If you feel you were discriminated at your workplace by your employer, contact the Illinois employment discrimination attorneys of Goldman & Ehrlich for aconsultation about your case. Our office serves clients in Chicago and throughout the area, including in Cook County, Lake County, DuPage County, Will County, Kane County, and McHenry County.
When workers in Illinois feel they have been discriminated against, they often have questions about what, if any, their legal recourse might be. Often times, employees feel as though they face an uphill battle against a powerful employer with access to high caliber legal representation.
Fortunately for workers, there are a number of different routes that may be pursued to solve their problems and hold their employers responsible for violations of state and federal laws. One agency tasked with investigating discrimination charges in the state is the Illinois Department of Labor (IDOL).
If an employee levels a charge against their employer for discriminating against them in a certain way, the IDOL may step in to investigate the claim. Situations where IDOL may investigate an employer includegender wage discrimination or being a victim or having a member of the household who is a victim of domestic violence.
Filing discrimination claims with the Illinois Department of Labor
Employees who feel their discrimination case warrants investigation by IDOL should strongly consider hiring an experienced Chicago employment attorney to aid them from the onset of the claim. The process can be quite complicated in some aspects and having an attorney from the start can ensure proper paperwork is filled out and time deadlines met.
Employees must file their claims within one year of the alleged incident. With the claim, the employee should include supporting documents such as pay stubs and payroll records. The complaints are anonymous and the IDOL will look back as far as three years to find supporting evidence.
How long do IDOL investigations take?
The length of time an investigation may take depends on the complexities of the case. Investigators will look into whether reasonable cause exists that a violation of the law. Investigations may be conducted either in person or via correspondence between investigators and the employer.
Chicago employment discrimination attorneys
If you feel you received unequal pay due to your gender or were discriminated against because of domestic violence within your household, theexperienced Chicago employment discrimination attorneys of Goldman & Ehrlich can help you prepare your claim with the Illinois Department of Labor.
Contact us online or call 312-332-6733 for a consultation about your case and discover your legal options. Our attorneys serve clients in Chicago and throughout Cook County, Lake County, DuPage County, Will County, Kane County, and McHenry County.
All employees have what are called “basic rights” in the workplace. These rights include a right to privacy, fair compensation for work performed (no indentured servitude), and freedom from discrimination.
Employees are Protected Against Discrimination in the Workplace
Freedom from discrimination is a very important protection that the federal government provides to employees. Those rights include the right to be free from discrimination based on age, gender, race, national origin, or religion. These rights are extended not only to employees but prospective employees in the hiring process.
Hidden Discrimination in Hiring
What about the hidden discrimination during the hiring process? Discrimination that is subtle and often overlooked. This type of discrimination can happen due to sexual orientation, race, or criminal history. It may be because an applicant doesn’t look like what an employer imagined when hearing his or her voice. Whether the applicant is a different race or transgendered, hidden discrimination can sometimes be detected if an applicant notices a change in behavior or attitude from a prospective employer between the time the application was submitted or phone interview to an in-person interview.
Employers also may not discriminate based on medical records or handicaps. Employers are not allowed to access an applicant’s medical records. They are confidential and as long as the applicant’s medical condition is not a factor in the function of the job. If an employer inquires into any medical history, or implies that they have concerns about a medical condition then that may be a reason for not being hired and considered discrimination.
In order to prove that you have been discriminated against you must show that:
You are part of a protected class.
You were qualified for the position applied for
The job was not offered to you
The employer continued to seek applicants or a less qualified applicant was hired.
To qualify as a protected class you must have been discriminated against based on race, gender, national orientation, disability, religion, and in some cases sexual orientation.
You must show that you were the best applicant for the job. If can be difficult to prove but if another applicant was hired and was less qualified, it may make your case stronger.
Job was not offered to you:
This is an easy requirement to meet. If the job WAS offered to you and you rejected it, then you will not have a case.
Employer continued to seek applicants:
If you were qualified for the position and the employer continued to seek additional applicants, you may be able to move forward with your case. If another applicant who was equally qualified and also a part of a protected class was hired, your case may not be as strong.
Contact a Chicago Employment Discrimination Attorney at Goldman & Ehrlich
If you have questions about hidden discriminatory practices in the hiring process, Goldman & Ehrlich has answers for workers and employers. Call us at 312.332.6733 today or contact our Chicago office online
Pregnancy discrimination is discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions and constitutes unlawful sex discrimination under The Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA), which is an amendment to the title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
This protection ensures that a woman cannot be refused employment because of pregnancy or pregnancy related conditions as long as she is able to perform the functions of her job. It also restricts discrimination regarding any other aspect of employment including pay, promotions, trainings, benefits, etc.
Maternity and Pregnancy Leave
An employer may not require pregnant employees to submit to standards different than any other employee in regards to medical clearance procedures. For example, doctor’s statements cannot be required for employees with pregnancy related conditions concerning their inability to work before granting leave or sick benefits if other employees are not required to do the same.
Temporary Disability and Pregnancy
If an employee is unable to perform her job due to pregnancy, the employer must treat her the same as any other temporarily disabled employee. For example, providing light duty, modified tasks, disability leave, or leave without pay.
Employers must hold open a position for temporarily disabled pregnant employees with the same terms and conditions as other employees on temporary leave.
There are a lot of examples that demonstrate how and why an employer is not allowed to discriminate against a pregnant employee or one who suffers from conditions or complications from her pregnancy but the main point is that these employees cannot be treated differently than other employees and are entitled to all the same benefits, concessions, and respect as any other employee. From the hiring process to working conditions and leave, pregnancy is not to be seen as a reason or an excuse to treat her differently.
Contact an Attorney
If you have been discriminated against because of pregnancy or a pregnancy related condition, not been given proper leave, or terminated because you needed to take leave, then you may have a case against your employer for wrongful termination. Contact the attorneys at Goldman & Ehrlich at 312-332-6733or fill out our online contact form and we will contact you as soon as possible.
Federal law makes it illegal for employers to discriminate against a protected class. Protected classes include race, color, national origin, religion, sex, disability, age, and citizenship. In Illinois, the law includes additional protected classes such as mental or perceived handicap, sexual orientation, and military status.
To file a discrimination claim under Illinois law, the claim can be filed with the state agency or the federal agency. The Illinois Department of Human Rights (IDHR) and the federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) have a cooperative relationship allowing aggrieved parties to a file a claim with either agency. For all employment discrimination claims other than sexual harassment based claims, the employer must have more than 15 employees for the aggrieved party to file a discrimination claim.
In order to bring a valid employment discrimination case, the plaintiff must make a showing that 1) he is a member of a protected class, 2) he was qualified for the job and was performing the job satisfactorily, 3) he was fired by the employer, and 4) he was replaced by someone not in the protected class.
Federal law prevents an employer from engaging in discrimination retaliation after an employee has made a good faith claim of discrimination. Not everything an employer does it considered retaliation. Only when an employer changes his conduct towards you and that has an adverse effect on your employment is it considered discriminating retaliation. The most obvious case of retaliation is if you make a complaint, and you are immediately fired or demoted. Usually, however, an employer retaliation is not this clear cut.
Many cases are settled at the administrative level. But sometimes, it is not possible for the parties to reach a mutual agreement. If the case cannot be resolved by the federal or state administrative bodies, it will be necessary to pursue your claim in court. A plaintiff must exhaust all administrative remedies before seeking the involvement of the court. Under Illinois law, there is no private cause of action for employment discrimination, which means that discrimination lawsuits cannot be filed in Illinois state court.
If you chose to pursue the lawsuit after administrative remedies have been exhausted, this is the time to seek the help of an experienced employment lawyer who is familiar with Illinois and Chicago employment law.
It may be difficult for a worker to determine whether discrimination is present in the workplace. He or she may be told, “You weren’t a good fit for a job,” or “You don’t fit our culture.” Employer explanations in such cases are designed to confuse the worker, or cause him or her to believe the fault of not “fitting in” is theirs. In such situations, the worker may benefit from consultation with an experienced employment lawyers to learn more about employment discrimination or wrongful termination remedies.
Employment discrimination and discrimination in the workplace are prohibited by U.S. laws. Discrimination may be present but more subtle today than in years past. Discrimination is present when the employer or institution arrives at decisions about workers based upon religion, sex, disability status, national origin, age, race or color. It is illegal to discriminate against workers in the United States according to the Federal Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).
There are two basic types of discrimination in the workplace:
Direct discrimination is easy to identify, such as when a business determines a worker’s job or pay based on his or her age, sex, religion, or race instead of merit and ability. When an employer or organization directly discriminates against an individual in this way, it is difficult for them to legally support these actions.
In comparison, indirect discrimination is more difficult to identify because it involves less obvious behavior. For instance, a company’s regulations, practices, and policies do not appear to favor a group over another when an attorney examines the employee manual. In practice, however, the business may indeed discriminate against certain individuals.
For instance, some people working at the company may be less able to meet requirements or comply with the company’s “best practices.” A working mother or a man taking care of a disabled son may not be able to adhere to the company’s full-time week mandate of forty hours every week of the year. The employer may discourage taking the lunch hour out of the office even if the employee must clock out for lunch. An employee with a serious medical condition may need time off for tests or treatment and may be prevented from working a full day or week.
Stand Up to Discrimination
Job discrimination includes practices and actions of a business or organization or its agents and representatives that include the unfair or illegal treatment of workers, candidates for promotion, prospective employees, or present employees. All workers in the United States are protected from discrimination for age, race, pregnancy, or gender factors. If you believe you’ve been discriminated against, contact us today.
Goldman & Ehrlich is located in Chicago, IL and serves clients in and around Chicago, Cook County, Lake County, DuPage County, Will County, Kane County, and McHenry County.
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